|Форум Константина Пахомова
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|Автор:||Sergey [ 10 ноя 2011, 15:07 ]|
|Заголовок сообщения:||Гостевая книга|
|Автор:||Sergey [ 15 май 2022, 23:10 ]|
|Заголовок сообщения:||Re: Гостевая книга|
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|Автор:||messi1063 [ 22 ноя 2023, 13:19 ]|
|Заголовок сообщения:||THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK|
Silva (2006) explains that the study of polysemy is not only a phenomenon of linguistic changes, but also of language-in-use, language acquisition and its progress, thought and society. According to Silva, Bréal (1924) believes that polysemy is one of the best responses to the speaker's cognitive and social needs. Also in the use and psychology of the speaker, in the relationship with cognition and in the cultural aspects that must be studied. Furthermore, Bréal (1924) not only created adequate terms for the concept of misnomers, but also laid a theoretical basis for the study of polysemy as events in language, cognition, and culture.
The LC area uses prototype theory to determine the different meanings that a lexical unit has. This shows the argumentation of meanings around the center (prototype) or the lack of well-defined limits. These extensions of meanings are linked to the language in use by different linguistic communities. Silva (2006) clarifies that polysemy is a phenomenon of categorization of prototypes, that is, it is based on prototypes and not on “necessary and sufficient conditions”; which means that the various uses of the object are organized around the center of the prototype and by family resemblances to each other. More explicitly, the structure of the polysemic complex is shaped by several prototypicality effects (GEERAERTS, 1989), this is presented with the different degrees of representation between the senses, organizing the senses according to familiar similarities and overlaps, without precise limits between them . According to Silva (2006, p. 13):
The qualitative dimension of polysemy comprises the various meanings that a word can have and the different relationships that can unite these meanings, namely metaphor, metonymy, generalization and specialization of meaning. Knowing what meanings a word has and how they are semantically related are, therefore, the major qualitative questions of polysemy.
Polysemic studies are based on the diachronic phenomenon and these are well received in the theoretical framework of cognitive linguistics. The concept of polysemy [b][url=https://dbtodata.com/phone-number-data/]Phone Number Data[/url][/b] illustrates the transformation of image schemes, metaphorical and metonymic models. Silva (2006) explains that the study of polysemy is not only a phenomenon of linguistic changes, but also of language in use, language acquisition and its progress, thought and society. According to Silva (2006), Bréal believes that polysemy is one of the best responses to the speaker's cognitive and social needs.
Also in the use and psychology of the speaker, in the relationship with cognition and in the cultural aspects that must be studied. Furthermore, Bréal not only created adequate terms for the concept of misnomers, but also laid a theoretical basis for the study of polysemy as events in language, cognition, and culture. Silva (2006) explains that the schematic network model has two categorizations, by scheme and by prototypes.
The schema abstracts what is common to your instance. Which means that the instance has acquired the specifications of the schema, but expands them in more detail in this network of meanings. According to Silva (2006), the seduction of cognitive linguistics by polysemy, its tendency towards polysemic analysis in terms of schematic networks and radial networks, were popularized by (1987) and Lakoff (1987), with the tendency to postulate identical mental representations.
The investigation begins with the collection of the lexicographic corpus of the printed dictionaries (2009) and (2010) and the online dictionary (2015). Secondly, we continued with the survey of the linguistic corpus on the platform and on the 'letras.com' website. All collected data will be organized and placed in the attachments section. Afterwards, the light item will be analyzed and compared based on the three dictionaries mentioned above.
Next, we will proceed with the analysis and comparison of the corpus chosen from and the samba-lyrics. It was decided to limit this part to the Samba School of Beija-Flor de , since there are many schools in Brazil and we only need to analyze the existence of occurrences of the item 'light' in the lyrics of the sambas from that school. To conclude, we will make several proposals for a network of meanings for the item under study and will be placed in the annexes.
4. RESULTS, DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 PRESENTATION, DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF THE CORPUS OF LEXICOGRAPHIC DATA
In the first analysis, we aimed to identify the different polysemic meanings of the item 'light'. Therefore, this initial analysis presents the lexicographic corpus established by data collected in the dictionaries Houaiss (2009), Aurélio (2010) and Michaelis (2015). Consulting dictionaries allows us to identify that the research word has a high level of polysemy. Later we will use the cognitive mechanisms of specification, generalization, metaphor and metonymy to detail the polysemy of the item 'light'. In Houaiss (2009), we find a date of 1041 for the noun 'light', unlike the other two dictionaries in which the information is not available. The etymology of the lexeme 'light' is referenced as originating from Latin: Lūx , lūcis : 'light, clarity, illumination, day'. Therefore, 'light' is linked to 'clarity', 'illumination' and 'day'.
In dictionaries, the meaning that corresponds to the first entry of the entries defines the lexical item 'light' in Aurélio (2010) as “electromagnetic radiation capable of causing visual sensation in a normal observer” and in Michaelis (2015) as “portion of electromagnetic radiation to which the organs of vision react.” In the Houaiss dictionary (2009), it was found that the initial entry differs from the first two mentioned above. Houaiss (2009) defines 'light' as “capacity of vision” and agrees with the first definition by Aurélio (2010) and Michaelis (2015) in entry number twenty.
So, we identify the prototypical meaning as “Electromagnetic radiation capable of causing visual sensation in a normal observer”. From the prototype, we find several expressions that can be classified in the sense of generalization , such as : 'natural light', 'reflected light', 'light from celestial bodies', 'artificial light', and 'light sources'. The word 'light' can be found in several expressions that present a specification process : 'sunlight' and 'daylight' which in Astronomy is identified as the lighting that comes from the sun.
In the specification, expressions such as 'starlight' and 'moonlight' are also present, referring to the light that celestial bodies diffuse, either their own or reflected. In the case of 'moonlight', it is the light reflected from the sun. In addition, we have other expressions with this sense of specificity: 'The light of the bonfire' 'The light of the lamp' here we find the interpretation of clarity produced by different things such as: bonfire, lamp, among others.
|Автор:||sonalidas112223 [ 03 дек 2023, 08:08 ]|
|Заголовок сообщения:||音乐在 2022 年公告牌颁奖典礼上再次大放异彩|
奖励音乐排行榜领先者的颁奖典礼将于本周日举行，派对上云集了众多明星、合作伙伴，当然还有音乐。 派对于晚上 7 点开始，并预览 TNT 和 TNT 系列，其中他们将讨论预测以及我们将在晚上 8:00 开始的仪式本身中看到什么。该活动将在拉斯维加斯的米高梅花园球馆举行，梅根·西·斯塔林 (Megan Thee Stallion)、劳·亚历杭德罗 (Rauw Alejandro) 和红辣椒 (Red Hot Chili Peppers) 等多位明星将出席。 提名最多 和去年一样，Billboard 奖似乎又是 The Weeknd 了，他在最佳艺人、最佳男艺人、最佳流媒体歌曲和最佳热门 100 艺人等类别中获得不少于 17 项提名。
他还与爱莉安娜·格兰德 (Ariana Grande) 合作的“Save Your Tears”混音版在六个类别中展开竞争。 《周末》可能会在公告牌上创造历史，成为本次颁奖典礼上获奖最多的艺人，取代获得 29 个奖项的德雷克 (Drake)，但要注意的是，他今 [b][url=https://wsdatab.com/whatsapp-number/]WhatsApp 号码[/url][/b] 年获得了 11 个类别的提名。其他艺术家，例如获得 7 次提名的泰勒·斯威夫特 (Taylor Swift)（25 岁）和参加 13 个类别竞赛的贾斯汀·比伯 (Justin Bieber)（21 岁），也可能会被列入名人堂。 格斗类 最佳艺术家类别有几位非常有前途的候选人，例如ft 和 The Weeknd。最佳新人奖的候选人是吉文、蒙面狼、奥利维亚·罗德里戈、维尼·夏斯蒂和 The Kid LAROI。
最佳组合或双人组合的争夺在 和 Silk Sonic 之间展开了激烈的争夺。 但是，嘿，在你开始批评你最喜欢的乐队之前，请记住，这个奖项是由过去 12 个月内在每个类别中名列前茅的艺术家获得的，几乎没有人能击败 BTS 的陆军爸爸。 Billboard的伟大之处在于，他们不仅奖励美国顶尖的艺人，而且还有在同一颁奖典礼上颁发的拉丁类别，而不是像拉丁格莱美那样的权重一文不值。作为最佳拉丁艺术家，该奖项授予 争夺最佳拉丁男歌手奖，而女性方面的争论则在 Kali 之间进行。 请记住，您可以在 5 月 15 日周日晚上 8 点观看 Billboard 音乐奖颁奖典礼，以及晚上 7 点在 TNT (52) 上的西班牙语版和 TNT Series (42) 上的预演，当然，这一切都可以通过 Zapping 观看。
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